A hen is called “broody” when she is ready to hatch out some chicks. It’s not a voluntary decision, it’s caused by a hormone that is released when the weather conditions improve at the onset of spring… but it can happen at any time in reality.
If your hen becomes “broody” she will stop laying eggs… and prepare to have chicks. So if you don't want a tiny little flock running around, it’s best to recognise the signs!
They will also eat a lot less as they think that they can only leave their nest for a short time to feed or drink. This can lead to quite dramatic weight loss and may cause health problems.
A broody hen can be a really positive thing if you want a natural incubator to hatch out your own chickens. Bear in mind that you will need a cockerel if you want fertilised eggs or you can buy fertilised eggs on the internet (eBay) or at poultry auctions. Roughly half of your chicks will be male so make sure you have a plan for that eventuality. You can’t really have more than one cockerel or they will probably fight and hurt each other, or your hens.
If you want to have a broody hen incubating eggs then you might want to invest in a broody coop. This is a small coop that is low to the ground where she can nest quietly by herself, uninterrupted. Put some food and water nearby so that she feels able to eat and drink without concern. The broody coop normally has a small enclosed run attached so that when the chicks hatch out they can be kept safe and close to mum. Here’s an example, available on Flyte so Fancy.
You can recognise broody hens by observing several behaviours:
Chickens are unlikely to go broody in their first year and most likely to be broody through the most fertile times of their lives. You can’t quite predict when a chicken might go broody, but it’s least likely in winter (when hatching chicks would probably die) and most likely in spring (when food is plentiful and it’s getting warmer). Chickens can turn broody several times a year, you just have to keep an eye out for it.
Fun fact: Modern hybrids (or commercial breed hens) have had their broody traits mostly bred out of them. Other traditional breeds have different propensities toward broodiness.
If you do have a broody hen then she might just break out of her broodiness by herself. A period of broodiness may last just 21 days (normal incubation period) or she might get bored sooner. Sometimes you might like to hurry her along and this can be a bit of a battle. You’re fighting against natural behaviours and hormones.
All that said, prevention is better than cure. Sometimes the presence of eggs might kick in their broody instincts, so remove them as soon as you can.
Here are some other ideas that you could try:
Take her out of her broody area. Sometimes she just needs a bit of a gentle shake to wake her out of her zombie-like trance. Quite often the broody chicken will just run straight back into her broody area to settle down again. So you could try taking her out at the same time that you put your feed out. If the flock is eating, and she is hungry, then this might encourage her to stay and eat.
At other times you can distract her with some treats, then add a few more and just keep her occupied for a while. Scatter some treats over the ground and she may start to scratch around for them. This might be enough to get her to forget what she was so occupied with before. If not, you need another plan.
If you take her out of her broody spot at night and stand her on a perch it will be too dark for her to see her way back to her nest box. By the morning she might have forgotten all about it. Also by being on a perch her elevated body temperature might have come down and this helps to reduce the inclination to be broody. If this didn’t work, let’s try another tactic!
If you remove all the bedding from a nest box your chickens will still lay there, but they wouldn’t want to raise chicks there. They would get too cold so your chicken might just abandon the idea altogether. Another plan would be to have some kind of grid, like a kitchen cooling rack, in the nest box which would also serve to elevate the chicken off the floor and would cool her down. Sometimes even this won’t phase a stubborn and determined hen.
One method that seems to have a high success rate is to try to cool her down. Fill a shallow tub with cold water and hold her in it so that just her back (and head) is out of the water. Keep her there for between 5-10 minutes. Don’t try this if it’s too cold outside!
Once your chicken has broken out of her broodiness it may still take a couple of weeks before she starts laying eggs again, so be patient and prepared to repeat the process if she gets broody again.
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David18th September, 2021